Determinants for successful reforestation of abandoned pastures in the Andes:
Soil conditions and vegetation cover
Sven Günter, Paul Gonzalez, Guido Álvarez, Nikolay Aguirre, Ximena Palomeque, Frank Haubrich, Michael Weber
Forest Ecology and Management 258 (2009) 81–91
The Andes of Ecuador are known for their outstanding biodiversity but also as the region with the highest
deforestation rate in South America. This process is accompanied by accelerating degradation and loss of
environmental services. Despite an extraordinary richness in native tree diversity, more than 90% of all forest plantations established in Ecuador consist of exotic species, primarily Eucalyptus spp. and Pinus spp. This is mainly due to the lack of information about the autecological and synecological requirements of the native species.
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